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Addiction Treatment

How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication


During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. Prescribed medication can be given to the patient as part of both inpatient and outpatient programs. For the best chance of becoming sober and staying sober the medication dose may be altered.


Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.


Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing

The body must detox in the first stages of rehab to allow the drug to leave the body completely. This stage is known as the detox period. Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.

The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.


There are many uncomfortable symptoms that may be experienced during this stage of recovery. Some of these are:

  • Stress
  • Hopelessness
  • Feeling sick
  • Seizures
  • Aches in the muscles
  • Excessive perspiration

Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • These drugs decrease nervousness and irritability.
  • Stress is mostly associated with withdrawal from drugs like Cocaine and Heroin
  • Benzodiazepines can help ease these side effects during withdrawal.
  • Since the benzos are potentially addictive too, doctors prescribe them with care.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • Until the brain get's back to producing dopamine on its own, the drug user will require antidepressants such as Prozac and Zoloft to relieve the feeling of depression.
  • Clonidine
  • Sweating, aches, muscle pains and nervousness can be reduced by using Clonidine in the treatment of alcohol and opiate withdrawals.
  • Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.

People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. There is a complete surety of success and security in detox.

Talk to someone who can help you if you are going through addiction problem.


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Alcohol Addiction Medications

Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. When withdrawal symptoms last longer than usual, this is referred to as Post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. This type of medication is usually in the form of a tablet taken each day.


For liquor addiction these medicines are included:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone prevent receptors in the brain that generate alcohol's satisfying side effects.
  • In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
  • In some cases, Naltrexone is known to cause vomiting and migraines.
  • It can be administered by injection every four weeks.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • The physical and emotional distress caused by alcohol dependency can be eased using this drug.
  • This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
  • The craving for alcohol is reduced by Acamprosate since it holds back feelings such as depression and anxiousness.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
  • Disulfiram causes sickness and vomiting if alcohol is consumed at the same time.
  • This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.

You can find out more about medication used in treating alcohol addiction.


Heroin And Drug Addiction Medicines

Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. Medications recommended for treating Opiate and Heroin addiction help in reducing the urge to take the drug and accompanying withdrawal symptoms. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.

Everyone has a different withdrawal experience and for some it may only last as little as a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. Cases of withdrawal symptoms that have lasted for months and even years have been recorded. Extended replacement medicines can put an end to strong desires and PAWS. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.

Opiate addiction is usually treated using medications such as:

  • Methadone
  • Prescriptions of Methadone are usually given to people suffering from moderate or severe addictions.
  • Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
  • Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
  • Discretion and care are needed because some people have been known to develop an addiction to Methadone.
  • Methadone clinics manage the drug on daily routine to avoid abuse.
  • More About Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
  • Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone works for both Opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
  • Mostly, it puts an end to cravings.
  • Alcohol and Opiate turns on the similar receptors in the brain so it is for both.

Treatment Centres And Medical Detoxification

A few people detox all alone. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. Medical detoxification is the ideal method to accomplish sobriety in a secure and comfortable atmosphere. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.

For addicts to gain the control they want, detox is needed.

Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. Fluids levels, temperature, heart and breathing rate checked by doctors. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.

Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. High blood pressure is one of the problem of withdrawals. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.

Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. A person typically requires one to three months to go through detox. In treatment, the first week usually involves detoxification during which the patient must be closely monitored. Rehabilitation has other treatments like behavioural therapy so the recovery procedure can be more prosperous.

Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 246 1509.