What Is Drug Addiction?
That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. These alterations in the brain can cause dangerous behaviour in a person who uses drugs. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapsing is when a person starts to use drugs again after he/she attempted to quit.
Using drugs out of one's volition is the road that leads to drug addiction. With time, the user is unable to stop voluntarily the need to use the drug. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. The increased length of time that the person's brain relies on drugs to function is the cause of this. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
Addiction is a sickness that influences both the mind and conduct.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It could, but through a complicated process. It is not possible for people to overcome drug addiction simply by abstaining from drug use for some days, because drug addiction is chronic. Most patients need long haul or rehashed care to quit utilizing totally and recoup their lives.
Enslavement treatment must help the individual to the accompanying:
- Stopping to require using the drug
- stay drug free
- achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Principles Of Effective Treatment
According to scientific research conducted since the mid-1970s, the essential principles listed below should be the foundation of all successful treatment programmes:
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- No exclusive treatment is correct for everybody.
- Individuals need fast access to treatment.
- To be successful, the treatment plan should not focus on the addiction only but the whole person.
- Going through with the programme is essential.
- Psychological and other behaviour remedies are used in treating the habit.
- A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
- Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
- Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
- The first stage, medically assisted detoxification, is only the beginning of treatment.
- For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
- When in treatment, possible drug use must be constantly monitored.
- Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
How Drug Dependency Is Treated?
Effective treatment comprises many steps:
- detoxification (the process through which drug is expelled from the body)
- Therapy or counselling
- medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
- assessment and treatment for co-happening psychological well-being issues, for example, depression and anxiety
- long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
Both medical and mental health treatment should be utilized as needed. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
Managing withdrawal symptoms, preventing relapse, and treating coexisting conditions are accomplished through medication use.
- Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Detoxing from the drug is not the only necessary treatment, merely the first step in the process. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. According to one study of treatment centres, medications were utilised in close to 80 per cent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Preventing Relapse Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Medications are accessible for management of opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers), tobacco (nicotine), and alcohol dependence. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. Individuals who utilize more than one drug, which is extremely normal, require treatment for the majority of the substances they utilise.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Behavioural therapies assist a patient to:
- change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
- increase wholesome life skills
- continue receiving medication and other types of treatment
The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. The majority of the programmes incorporate group or one-to-one substance counselling or both these forms.
Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include:
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
- multidimensional family therapy-devised for teenagers with substance dependency issues as well as their families-which looks at a series of influences on their substance abuse patterns and is created to better family functioning in general
- Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
- motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
At first, treatment can be as intensive as multiple outpatient sessions every week. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
Inpatient or private treatment can likewise be extremely compelling, particularly for those with more serious issues (including co-happening conditions). The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Residential treatment setting samples:
- Therapeutic communities which are exceedingly organised programs in which patients stay at a home, normally for 6 to 12 months. The behaviours, understanding and attitude of the addict towards drugs is affected by the whole community, which involves the staff that offer the treatment and those recovering from addiction, as they take up the role of change agents.
- Residential treatment that is shorter term usually focuses on detoxification and beginning focused therapy in preparation for follow up in a community based setting.
- Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. Recuperation housing can help individuals make the move to a free life, for instance, helping them figure out how to manage funds or look for business and also interfacing them to bolster services in the group.
Challenges Of Re-Entering Society
Because drug abuse changes the way the brain functions, a lot of things can trigger drug cravings. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.